Forms Of Ser Flashcards

Forms Of Ser Flashcards

Forms Of Ser: Where are you from? What is your profession? What do you look like? In order to answer these and thousands of questions in Spanish, we need to use the verb ser (sehr; ‘to be’). This is normally the very first verb we learn in order to introduce ourselves and talk about nationality, profession, and loads of other subjects.

Ser is a special verb in the sense that it is quite different in every tense, but also because of its multiple meanings and uses. Let’s take a look at its conjugation first.

Forms Of Ser Flashcards

Forms Of Ser In Spanish

These notes on Spanish grammar cover how to use the verb ‘SER’ (to be) and are accompanied by video and interactive exercises. For SER in the past tense please click on the link at the bottom of the page.

The Spanish verb SER means “to be”. But there are two verbs meaning “to be” in Spanish – SER, and ESTAR.

SER is used primarily in situations to imply permanence, equivalence, characteristics, origin, nature, identity and possession (“My apple IS bigger than his”, “Quito IS in Ecuador”, “Ice IS cold”, “He IS French”, “This car IS mine”.

SER is an irregular verb. You just need to memorize the form that goes with each pronoun.

Pronoun Present Tense Verb Form
Yo soy
Él, Ella, Usted es
Nosotros, Nosotras somos
Vosotros, vosotras sois
Ellos, Ellas, Ustedes son

Here are some examples in Spanish of the common uses of the verb SER:

La alumna es Colombiana. – The student is Colombian.

El sol es Caliente. – The sun is hot

Estos autos son rápidos. – These cars are fast.

Nosotros Somos Los Primeros en llegar. – We are the first to arrive.

Los Zapatos son mios. – The shoes are mine.

Tú eres muy inteligente. – You are very intelligent.

Yo soy un niño. – I am a boy.

Some more special uses of the verb SER.

Use Ser to tell the time: “Son las nueve de la mañana.” – It is at 9.00 in the morning.

Use Ser for the passive voice: “El lápiz es usado para escribir.” – The pencil is used for writing

Use Ser in impersonal statements: “Es importante no olvidar.” – It is important not to forget.

Use Ser for the location of an event: La presentación es en el museo. – The presentation is in the museum. (note that ESTAR is used for direct statements of location – “el museo está al lado del parque”)

Forms Of Ser And Estar

The verb ser is irregular in the present tense, which means we will need to learn every conjugation by heart. All of them, except for the second and third person singular, keep the s- from the stem. Let’s review how to conjugate ser in present simple tense with a helpful table:

VERB: ser (sehr) – to be
Subject Pronouns Ser Conjugation: Present Simple Pronunciation Translation
yo soy soy I am
eres EH-rehs you are
él/ella/usted es ehs he/she is – you formal are
nosotros/nosotras somos SOH-mohs we are
vosotros/vosotras sois soys you all are
ellos/ellas/ustedes son sohn they/you all formal are

Future of Ser

In opposition, the future tense conjugation of ser is regular, so it is probably easier to learn. When forming the future in Spanish we always take the infinitive (ser in this case) and add the endings that correspond to each person.

VERB: ser (sehr) – to be
Subject Pronouns Ser Conjugation: Future Pronunciation Translation
yo seré seh-REH I will be
serás seh-RAHS you will be
él/ella/usted será seh-RAH he/she/you formal will be
nosotros/nosotras seremos seh-REH-mohs we will be
vosotros/vosotras seréis seh-RAYS you all will be
ellos/ellas/ustedes serán seh-RAHN they/you all formal will be

Different Forms Of Ser

Ser! It’s probably the most used verb in the Spanish language. It’s used to identify people and things, origin, possession, and time. Plus, it’s fun to conjugate! Learn how ‘to be’ in this lesson.

Exciting day today! We’re going to talk about what is quite possibly the most used verb in the Spanish language: serSer means ‘to be’ and is used to identify people and things, origin, possession, and time. We’ll also discuss verb types and verb conjugations. Vamos! It’s time for ser!

First, let’s talk a little bit about grammar and verbs in general. Verbs are action words and are either infinitives or conjugated.

In English, an infinitive verb has the word ‘to’ in front of it: ‘to talk,’ ‘to be,’ ‘to live.’ In español, an infinitive verb is just one word and has one of three endings: ‘-ar,’ ‘-er,’ or ‘-ir.’ Instead of a ‘to’ before it, you might think of the -ar, -er, and -ir endings as the ‘to’ part of the verb. Hablar means ‘to talk.’ Ser means ‘to be.’ Vivir means ‘to live.’

While infinitive verbs do indeed have a meaning when you look them up in the dictionary, they’re sort of dead in the water until they’re conjugated. For instance, if you went up to John and said, ‘To talk!’ ‘To be!’ ‘To live!’ he’d just look at you like you were crazy. Conjugations are verbs that have been changed to match the subject that is performing the action of the verb. Once you give the verb a subject and conjugation and maybe add some context… voila! The verb comes to life and communication begins: ‘John, I live here.’ Now there’s communication.

Conjugating ‘To Be’ and ‘Ser

Okay, on to ‘ser. First, in case you’re not a grammar guru, let’s break down the verb ‘to be’ into its English conjugations according to subject pronoun:

I am we are
You are
He/she/it is they are

Note that several of the five conjugations are the same. ‘Am, Are, Is, Are, Are.’

Now, let’s conjugate ser in Spanish, using corresponding pronouns. You should know that ser is an irregular verb in Spanish, meaning the conjugations do not follow basic grammar rules:

Yo soy nosotros/nosotras somos
Él/ella/usted es ellos/ellas/ustedes son

Note that all five conjugations are different from one another. ‘Soy, Eres, Es, Somos, Son.

All Forms Of Ser

In English, we know the forms of the verb “to be” without thinking. I am. You are. We are. They are. In Spanish, each verb changes to reflect the subject of the verb, as well as the tense (such as the present, past, or future). These changes are called conjugations.

Spanish Verb Ser — Conjunctions

The following table shows the conjugations of the verb ser in the present tense.

Singular Subject Plural Subject
Yo (I) soy Nosotros/as (we) Somos
Tú (familiar you) eres Vosotros/as (familiar you) sois
Ud., él, ella (polite you, he, she) es Uds, ellos, ellas (you, them) son

What are the 5 forms of Ser?

Terms in this set (5)
  • Yo. soy. I am.
  • Tú eres. You are (own age group)
  • El/Ella/Ud. es. He/She/It is.
  • Ellos/Ellas/Uds. son. They are.
  • Nosotros. Somos. We are.

What is the yo form of Ser?

Tú eres muy inteligente. – You are very intelligent. Yo soy un niño.

Free Spanish Grammar Lesson.
Pronoun Present Tense Verb Form
Yo soy
Él, Ella, Usted es
Nosotros, Nosotras somos

What Ser means?

Usage notes. Like Portuguese and Spanish, Galician has two different verbs that are usually translated into English as “to be”. The verb ser relates to essence, origin, or physical description. In contrast, the verb estar relates to the current state or position.